Ulnar nerve to ulnar artery and radial nerve to radial artery relations


Think “peripheral nerves”:
The ulnar nerve is “ulnar” to the ulnar artery.
Radial nerve is “radial” to the radial artery

*Subbranches of Thoraco acromial artery

Cadavers Are Dead People

Clavicular Acromial Deltoid Pectoral


*Subbranches of Subscapular artery



Site from where Acetyl Choline is released to act as neurotransmitter-Pre or Postganglionic?


PreACh “:
From all Pre ganglionic fibres of ANS, Acetyl Choline ( ACh ) is released

Inhibition of Choline uptake during ACh synthesis


HICUp “:
Hemicholinium Inhibits Acetyl Choline Uptake
Choline Uptake is the rate limiting step in ACh synthesis


Botulinus toxin: action


“Botulism Bottles up the Ach”:
Action: Botulinus toxin Bottles up the Ach so it can’t be the released

Cholinergic receptors


Muscarinic :G protein coupled
Nicotinic :Ligand gated ion channel

Receptors on Heart

Hearts Marry 2 Be 1 “:

M2 (cholinergic receptor) and B1 (adrenergic receptor)

Beta 1 also acts on JG cells of the kidney



” Autoreceptors “:
The to rhymes with 2
So the Autoreceptors are Alpha 2 (cholinergic pathway)and M2 (adrenergic pathway)

Cholinergic agonists


ChollAMiCaBle PAMela ” ( Read as “Call amicable pamela “)
Esters : ACh ,Methacholine ,Carbechol ,Bethanechol
Alkaloids :Pilocarpine, Arecoline, Muscarine

Scapular circumflex branch ,Thoraco dorsal branch




Bones of the Wrist
Some Lovers Try Positions That They Cannot Handle
Slowly Lower Tilly’s Pants To The Curly Hairs

Scaphoid, Lunate, Triquetrum, Pisiform, Trapezium, Trapezoid, Capitate, Hamate

Brachial Plexus
Randy Travis Drinks Cold Beers Robert Taylor Drinks Cold Beer

Roots, Trunks, Divisions, Cords, Branches

Branches of the Brachial Plexus (In order from most lateral to most medial)
My Aunt Raped My Uncle

Musculocutaneous, Axillary, Radial, Median, Ulnar

Cranial Nerves
Oh Oh Oh To Touch And Feel Virgin Girls Vaginas And Hymens
You have 1 nose. You have 2 eyes. (The first “O” is Olfactory, second “O” is Optic)

To remember what cranial nerve is Motor, Sensory, or Both use this ( In order from CN I to CN XII):
Some Say Marry Money, But My Brother Says Big Bras Matter Most

Extraocularmotor muscles
LR6 (SO4) LR6: Lateral rectus –> VI abductens
SO4: Superior Oblique –> IV Trochlear
All other extraocularmotor muscles are CN III

Branches of the Facial Nerve
Ten Zebras Bought My Car
Ten Zebras Bit My Cock
Two Zulus Buggered My Cat
To Zanzibar By Motor Car

Temporal, Zygomatic, Buccal, Masseteric, Cervical

Miscelaneous Anatomy Mnemonics

Innervation of phrenic nerve
c345 keeps the phrenic alive
c345 keep the diaphragm alive

Long thoracic nerve innervates serratus anterior
c5-6-7 raise your arms to heaven

Relationship of Thorasic duct to Esophagous and Azygous
The duck is between two gooses.
duck = thoracic duct 2 gooses = azyGOUS and esophaGOUS

Attachments of Pectoralis Major, Teres Major and Latissimus Drosi
A lady between tow majors.
Pectoralis major attaches to lateral lip of bicipital groove, the teres major attaches to medial lip of bicipital groove, and the latissimus dorsi attaches to the floor of bicipital groove. The “lati” is between two “majors.”

Innervation of the Penis
Parasympathetic puts it up; sympathetic spurts it out.
Point Shoot Score
Parasympathetic, sympathetic, somatomotor

Lateral and Medial Pectoral Nerve
Lateral is less, medial is more.
Lateral pectoral nerves goes through pectoralis major while medial pn goes though both pectoral major and minor.

Layers of the epidermis
Granpa Shagging Grandma’s Love Child.
Brent Spiner Gained Lieutenant Commander
Germinativum or Basale, Spinosum, Granulosum, Lucidum, Corneum

Things going through Orbital Fissure
Seven French Tarts Sit Naked In Anticipation

Brachial plexus subunitsRandy Travis Drinks Cold Beer”: Roots Trunks Divisions Cords Branches · Alternatively: “Real Texans Drink Coors Beer”.


Tarsal bones

Tall Californian Navy Medcial Interns Lay Cuties”:

· In order (right foot, superior to inferior, medial to lateral): Talus Calcanous Navicular Medial cuneiform Intermediate cuneiform Lateral cuneifrom Cuboid


Atrioventricular valvesLAB RAT“: Left Atrium: Bicuspid Right Atrium: Tricuspid


Tarsal tunnel: contents

Tiny Dogs Are Not Hunters”:

· From superior to inferior:

T: Tibialis posterior F: flexor Digitorum longus A: posterior tibial Artery N: tibial Nerve H: flexor Hallucis longus


Vagal nerve: path into thoraxVagus nerve, unlike phrenic, continues through diaphragm with esophagus–it is “Not Left Behind“: · The left vagus is anterior, right is posterior [behind].


Inguinal canal: wallsMALT: 2M, 2A, 2L, 2T“:

· Starting from superior, moving around in order to posterior: Superior wall (roof): 2 Muscles: · internal oblique Muscle · transverse abdominus Muscle Anterior wall: 2 Aponeuroses:  · Aponeurosis of external oblique · Aponeurosis of internal oblique Lower wall (floor): 2 Ligaments: · inguinal Ligament · lacunar Ligament Posterior wall: 2Ts: · Transversalis fascia · conjoint Tendon


Bronchopulmonary segments of right lung

A PALM Seed Makes Another Little Palm”:

· In order from superior to inferior: Apical Posterior Anterior Lateral Medial Superior Medial basal Anterior basal Lateral basal Posterior basal  


Tarsal bones

Traverse City (is) Noted (for) MIchigan’s Lovely Cherries”: Talus Calcaneus (new row) Navicular (new row) Medial Intermediate cuneiforms Lateral cuneiform Cuboid


Aorta vs. vena cava: right vs. leftAorta and right each have 5 letters, so aorta is on the right.  Vena and cava and left each have 4 letters, so vena cava is on the left.


Hip: lateral rotatorsPlay Golf Or Go On Quaaludes”: · From top to bottom: Piriformis Gemellus superior Obturator internus Gemellus inferior Obturator externus Quadratus femoris · Alternatively: “P-GO-GO-Q“.


Facial bonesVirgil Can Not Make My Pet Zebra Laugh!”: Vomer Conchae Nasal Maxilla Mandible Palatine Zygomatic Lacrimal


Scalp layers

SCALP: · From superficial to deep: Skin Connective tissue Aponeurosis Loose areolar tissue Pericranium


Thoracoacromial artery branchesCAlifornia Police Department”: Clavicular Acromial Pectoral Deltoid


Ankle: anterior compartment of leg contents

The Hamptons Are Never Dull Parties”: · From medial malleolus: Tibialis anterior tendon (Extensor) Hallacus longus Artery (anterior tibial) Nerve (deep peroneal) (Extensor) Digitorum Peroneus tertius


Erector spinae muscles

I Love Sex”:

· From lateral to medial: Iliocostalis Longissimus Spinalis

· Alternatively:

I Long for Spinach”

· “Sex” helps you think of “Erector”, but “Long” and “Spinach” help you remember the muscles’ names.


Leg: anterior muscles of legThe Hospitals Are Not Dirty Places”: T: Tibialis anterior H: extensor Hallucis longus A: anterior tibial Artery N: deep fibular Nerve D: extensor Digitorum longus P: Peronius tertius [aka fibularis tertius]


Nasal cavity components

Never Call Me Needle Nose!”:

Nares [external] Conchae Meatuses Nares [internal] Nasopharynx · Note mnemonic sentence is nasally-related.


Rotator cuff muscles“The SITS muscles”:

· Clockwise from top: Supraspinatus Infraspinatus Teres minor Subscapularis · A pro baseball pitcher has injured his rotator cuff muscles. As a result, he SITS out for the rest of the game, and then gets sent to the minor leagues.  


Radial nerve: muscles innervated

Try A Big Chocolate Chip Sundae, Double Dip Cherries And Peanuts Preferably Included”:

· In order of their innervation, proximal to distal:

Triceps Anconeus Brachioradialis ext. Carpi radialis longus ext. Carpi radialis brevis Supinator ext. Digitorum ext.Digiti minimi ext. Carpi ulnaris Abductor poll. longus ext. Poll. brevis ext. P poll. longus ext. Indicis · For the neighboring words that start with the same letter (eg: chocolate and chip), notice that the longer word in the mnemonic, corresponds to the longer of the two muscle names (ex: ext. carpi radialis longus and ext. carpi radialis brevis)


Deep tendon reflexes: root supply

· God designed body reflexes according to a nursery rhyme: One, two— buckle my shoe. Three, four— kick the door. Five, six— pick up sticks. Seven, eight— shut the gate. S1,2 = ankle jerk L3,4 = knee jerk C5,6 = biceps and brachioradialis C7,8 = triceps


Penis autonomic innervation actions

Parasympathetic Puts it up. Sympathetic Spurts it out”. Alternatively: “Point and Shoot”: Parasympathetic Points it, Sympathetic Shoots out the semen.

· Erection and Ejaculation (Emission).


Internal iliac artery: anterior branchesWhat Bill admitted to Hilary: “I Milked Our Insatiable Intern’s Udders Under the Desk”: Inferior gluteal Middle rectal Obturator Inferior vesical artery Internal pudendal artery Umbilical U/D=Uterine artery (female)/ Deferential artery (male)


Muscles: potentially absent ones· Muscles which may be absent but may be important: 5 P’s: Palmaris longus [upper limb] Plantaris [lower limb] Peroneus tertius [lower limb] Pyramidalis [anterior abdominal wall] Psoas minor [posterior abdominal wall]


Carpal bonesStop Letting Those People Touch The Cadaver’s Hand”: · Proximal row, lateral-to-medial: Scaphoid Lunate Triquetrum Pisiform · Distal row, lateral-to-medial: Trapezium Trapezoid Capitate Hamate


Carpal bonesShe Looks Too Pretty; Try To Catch Her”: · Proximal row then distal row, both lateral-to-medial: Scaphoid Lunate Triquetrium Pisiform Trapezium Trapezoid Capate Hamate · Alternatively: “She Likes To Play; Try To Catch Her”.


Flexor digitorum muscles: how they insert onto fingers· A little rhyme: Superficialis Splits in two, To Permit Profundus Passing through.  


Scrotum layers

Some Damn Englishman Called It The Testis“:

· From superficial to deep: Skin Dartos External spermatic fascia Cremaster Internal spermatic fascia Tunica vaginalis Testis


Femoral triangle: contents NAVY:

· In order from lateral to medial: Nerve Artery Vein Y of the groin · Alternatively: Y = Y-fronts [male underwear].


Vagus nerve: path into thorax“I Left my Aunt in Vegas“: Left Vagus nerve goes Anterior descending into the thorax.


Supine vs. prone body position Know SUPination is your hand while carrying a bowl of SOUP. Your face follows where your palm is facing [i.e. up]. Put a handpuppet on your hand while hand is in supination and the puppet will be the supine position. · See diagram.



Axillary artery branches

Suzy Thompkins Loves Sex, Alcohol, and Pot”: · From proximal to distal: Superior thoracic Thoracacromial Lateral thoracic Subscapular Anterior circumflex humeral Posterior circumflex humeral


Horner’s syndrome componentsSPAM: Sunken eyeballs/ Symphathetic plexus (cervical) affected Ptosis Anhydrosis Miosis


Voicebox: names of parts in sagittal cross-section

“There’s 3 V‘s in your Voicebox”: Vestibular fold Ventricle Vocal fold · Note: Vestibular and Vocal cord also known as false and true cords respectively.  


Serratus anterior: innervation SALT: Serratus Anterior = Long Thoracic.


Hip: lateral rotators Piece Goods Often Go On Quilts”: Piriformis Gemellus superior Obturator internus Gemellus inferior Obturator externus Quadratus femoris


Thigh: innervation by compartmentMAP OF Sciatic“:

Medial compartment: Obturator Anterior compartment: Femoral Posterior compartment: Sciatic

· So all the thigh muscles in that compartment get innervated by that nerve.


Internal jugular vein: tributariesMedical Schools Let Confident People In”: · From inferior to superior: Middle thyroid Superior thyroid Lingual Common facial Pharyngeal Inferior petrosal sinus


Genu valgum vs. genu vargum Genu valGUM (knock-knee): knees are GUMmed together.

· Varum (bowleg) is the other by default, or Far rhymes with Var, so knees are far apart.


Erector spinae musclesI Like Standing”:

· From lateral to medial Illiocostalis Longissimus Spinalis


Cubital fossa contents N-MAN“:

· From lateral to medial: Nerve Muscle Artery Nerve · Specifics are radial Nerve, biceps Muscle tendon, brachial Artery, median Nerve.


External carotid artery branchesSuzy Always Lays Flat On Pillows Making Sex Terrific”: Superior thyroid Ascending pharyngeal Lingual Facial Occipital Posterior auricular Maxillary Superificial Temporal  


Median nerve: recognizing it in an opened axillaThe Median nerve is the Middle of a giant capital “M” formed by the musculocutaneous and ulnar nerves.  


Trigeminal nerve: where branches exit skullStanding Room Only”: Superior orbital fissure is V1 foramen Rotundum is V2 foramen Ovale is V3


Dermatome C7 locationC7 gives the finger to heaven (as in middle finger).


External carotid artery branchesSome Angry Lady Figured Out PMS“: Superior thyroid Ascending pharyngeal Lingual Facial Occipital Posterior auricular Maxillary Superificial temporal


Brachioradialis: function, innervation, one relation, one attachment BrachioRadialis: Function: Its the Beer Raising muscle, flexes elbow, strongest when wrist is oriented like holding a beer. Innervation: Breaks Rule: it’s a flexor muscle, But Radial. (Radial nerve usually is for extensors: Recall BEST rule: B was for brachioradialis). Important relation: Behind it is the Radial nerve in the cubital fossa. Attachment: Attaches to Bottom of Radius.


Pleura surface markings“All the even ribs, in order: 2,4,6,8,10,12 show its route”: Rib2: sharp angle inferiorly Rib4: the left pleura does a lateral shift to accommodate heart Rib6: both diverge laterally Rib8: midclavicular line Rib10: midaxillary line Rib12: the back · See diagram.  


Aortic arch: major branch order “Know your ABC’S“:

Aortic arch gives rise to: Brachiocephalic trunk left Common Carotid left Subclavian · Beware though trick question of ‘What is first branch of aorta?’ Technically, it’s the coronary arteries.


V3 innervated muscles (branchial arch 1 derivatives)

M.D. My TV“: Mastication [masseter, temporalis, pterygoids] Digastric [anterior belly] Mylohyoid tensor Tympani tensor Veli palatini


Foramen ovale contents

MALE: Mandibular nerve Accessory meningeal artery Lesser petrosal nerve Emissary veins

Head & Neck

CRANIAL NERVES: I-Optic, II-Olfactory, III-Oculomotor, IV-Trochlear, V-Trigeminal, VI-Abducens, VII-Facial, VIII-Acoustic (Vestibulocochlear), IX-Glossophrayngeal, X-Vagus, XI-Spinal Accessory, XII-Hypoglossal

On Old Olympus Towering Tops, A Finn And German Viewed Some Hops (older and cleaner)

Oh Oh Oh To Touch And Feel A Girls Vagina And Hymen (newer and, well …)   

Which cranial nerve is Sensory, Motor, or Both- Some Say Marry Money, But My Brother Says Big Breasts Matter More   

BRANCHES OF FACIAL NERVE: Temporal, Zygomatic, Buccal, Mandibular, Cervical

Ten Zebras Beat My Cock

Two Zulus buggered my cat –(for the sicker, amongst you!)   

You have I nose. You have II eyes. (I – Olfactory; II — Optic)   

Standing Room Only –Exit of branches of trigeminal nerve from the skull S

V1 -Superior orbital fissure, V2 -foramen Rotundum, V3 -foramen Ovale

For the order of nerves that pass through the superior orbital fissure:

               “Lazy French Tarts Lie Naked in Anticipation.”

                (Lacrimal, Frontal, Trochlear, Lateral, Nosociliary, Internal,


2  Muscle of mastication- Lateral Lowers- lateral pterygoid is the one that opens the jaw
4  Muscles of Mastication MTPP( which could be read as “Empty Peepee”) -masseter, temporal, lateral and medial pterygoids —

Arteries as they come off the external carotid:

Superior thyroid, Ascending pharyngeal, Lingual, Facial, Occipital, Post Auricular, Superficial temporal, Maxillary

Some Anatomists Like making babiesing, Others Prefer S & M

Some Angry Lady Figured out PMS

Innervation of Extraocularmotor Muscles: LR6 SO4 3

LR6–Lateral rectus–> VI abductens

SO4–Superior Oblique–> IV Trochlear

3–The remaining 4 eyeball movers = III Oculomotor

ABC’S of the aortic arch!

Aortic arch gives off the Bracheiocephalic trunk,

the left Common Carotid, and the left

Subclavian artery


BRACHIAL PLEXUS: Roots, Trunks, Divisions, Cords, Branches

Robert Taylor Drinks Cold Beer.   


c345 keeps the phrenic alive (innervation of phrenic nerve) c345 keep the diaphragm alive (innervation of diaphragm)

c5-6-7 raise your arms to heaven (nerve roots of long thoracic nerve innervate serratus anterior)   

Cranial Bones
     Annoying, aren’t they?
     The cranial bones are the PEST OF 6…
     Parietal, Ethmoid,Sphenoid,Temporal,Occipital,Frontal- 6 ? (6-the number of bones!)

     ( another one)  Old People From Texas Eat Spiders.


LOCATION OF THORACIC DUCT: The duck is between two gooses (duck = thoracic duct) 2 gooses = azyGOUS and esophaGOUS 


Cartilages of the Larynx – There are 4 cartilages in the larynx whose initial letters are TEAC (also the brandname of a home stereo).
  Thyroid, Epiglottis, Arytenoid, Cricoid




Parasympathetic puts it up; sympathetic spurts it out

Point , Shoot, Score! (erection, emmision ,ejaculation) Parasympathetic, Sympathetic , Somatomotor

“S2, 3, 4 keep the penis off the floor” Innervation of the penis by branches of the pudental nerve, derived from spinal cord levels S2-4


Structures perforating the esophagus

“At T8 you see, perforates the IVC” (inferior Vena Cava)

the “EsoVagus” pierce T10 (esophagus, vagus nerve)

T12 – red, white and blue (aorta,thoracic duct,azygous vein)


Femoral Sheath (lateral to medial) order of things in thigh -NAVEL

Nerve, Artery, Vein, Empty, Space, Lymphatics


Radial n. innervates the BEST!!!!



Course of Ureters

Water runs under the bridge (uterine a. and ductus deferens)


Carotid Sheath— VAN

Internal Jugular Vein

Common carotid Artery

Vagus Nerve



C3 is a high turtleneck shirt

T4 is at the nipple

L1 is at the inguinal ligament (or L1 is IL -Inguinal ligament)

Randy Travis Drinks Cold Beer–Brachial plexus

Robert Taylor Drinks Cold Beer

Roots, Trunks, Divisions, Cords, Branches


Bones of the wrist -Scaphoid, Lunate, Triquetrum, Pisiform, Trapezium,
Trapezoid, Capitate, Hamate

1. Slowly Lower Tilly’s Pants To The Curly Hairs

2. Swifty Lower Tilly’s Pants to try coitus here. (the risque version)

3.Scared Lovers Try Positions That They Can’t Handle. (Classic version)


Pelvic Diaphragm

PICOLO(A) -Posterior to anterior



Levator Ani


Pelvic Splanchic-Parasympathetic

Sacral Splanchic-Sympathetic


Armies travel over bridges, the Navy travels under.

(Bridge is the ligament…reference to suprascapular artery and nerve.)


Pad, dab. Dorsal ABduct…Palmar ADduct…interosseous muscles of hand/foot.


Layers of the epidermis-Germinativum or Basale, Spinosum, Granulosum, Lucidum, Corneum


Grandpa Shagging Grandma’s Love Child. 

Limbic System- the 5 F’s- Feeding, Fighting, Feeling, Flight and making babiesing


The 5 sphincters found in the Alimentary Canal are APE OIL:

Anal, Pyloric, Lower Esophogeal, Oddi, and Ileocecum.


  Sally Thompson Loves Sex And Pot pie. The branches of the Axillary Artery are: Superior Thoracic, Thoracoacromial, Lateral Thoracic, Subscapular, Anterior Circumflex Humeral, Posterior Circumflex Humeral, and Profunda Brachii.


TIRE- four abdominal muscles — transversus, internal oblique, rectus abdominus, and external oblique


GFR -Layers of the adrenal:– Glomerular, Fascicular, Reticular

mnemonics to you

Topic Fact Mnemonic
Anatomy Branches of the External Carotid Artery in order starting with the first branch (superior thyroid artery).See plate 29 in Netter’s Atlas of Human Anatomy.

Contributed by Calvin Lee, Surgical Resident, Case Western Reserve on 7/22/98. This is a good “pimp” question/fact when you are in the OR assisting on a thyroid or a carotid case. Know this one!

Sally Superior Thyroid
Ann Ascending Pharyngeal
Likes Lingual
Flirting Facial
On Occipital
Philidelphia’s Posterior auricular
Main Maxillary
Street Superficial temporal
Neurology How to remember the basic framework of the Glasgow coma scale? Eye opening: 4 eyes (glasses)
Motor: 6 cylinder engine
Verbal: Jackson 5

Gives you a total of 15. (A brick has a GCS of 3)

Cardiology For Causes of A-Fib/Flutter:

Mnemonic by Chris
“Get it? … A-fib.. occurs in the HEART ?? Ok.. well I’m post-call…”

H= cHf, other cardiomyopathies
E= Enlargement of the atria
A= Alcohol binge drinking
R= Rheumatic heart disease
T= hyperThyroid
Cardiology Mnemonic for remembering antiarrhythmicssubmitted by Jed

Class Drug Mnemonic

Class IA Procainamide Professor
  Quinidine Quackers

“dissed” *

Class IB Lidocaine Lydia’s
  Phenytoin penny
  Mexiletine Mexican


Class IC Flecainide feeling


Class II Propranolol proper
  Beta Blockers

Bertha Butt

Class III Amiodarone amiable
  Bretylium British


Class IV Verapamil virtually

dismembered ‘im



Read as:Professor Quackers “dissed” – Lydia’s penny Mexican tacos. – Feeling profaned, – proper Bertha Butt – (amiable British socialite) – virtually dismembered ‘im.


Professor Quackers dissed Lydia’s Penny Mexican Tacos. Feeling profaned, proper Bertha Butt, (amiable British socialite), virtually dismembered ‘im.

*Note: “Dissed” is used here as the slang term “dis” – from dismiss. I.e., “Don’t ‘dis’ me, man!”

Cardiology Proven MI.. should be met by M.O.N.A.

submitted by Chris

M = morphine
O = oxygen
N = nitrates
A = aspirin

Caveat: is suspected right ventricular MI suspected .. hold the Nitrates.
ACLS (1997).

Pathology Classification of hypersensitivity reactions

submitted by Jed.

“ACID”Type I Anaphylaxis
Type II Cytotoxic – mediated
Type III Immune – complex
Type IV Delayed hypersensitivity
Surgery Causes of post op feverSubmitted by Jed Remember the following mnemonic when determining the possible cause(s) of fever in a patient who has recently undergone a surgical procedure: the 5 W’s (or 6 W’s)

Wind: the pulmonary system is the primary source of fever in the first 48 hours.

Wound: there might be an infection at the surgical site.

Water: check intravenous access site for signs of phlebitis.

Walk: deep venous thrombosis can develop due to pelvic pooling or restricted mobility related to pain and fatigue.

Whiz: a urinary tract infection is possible if urinary catheterization was required.Also Wonder drugs – drug fevers.
(added by Calvin Lee)

Pulmonary Treatment of acute pulmonary edemaSubmitted by Jed As Easy as ‘LMNOP’

Remember the mnemonic LMNOP when treating a patient with acute pulmonary edema:

Lasix® (furosemide) intravenous (IV), one to two times the patient’s usual dose, or 40 mg if the patient does not usually take the drug.

Morphine sulfate. Initial dose, 4 to 8 mg IV (subcutaneous administration is effective in milder cases); may repeat in 2 to 4 hours. Avoid respiratory depression. Morphine increases venous capacity, lowering left atrial pressure, and relieves anxiety, which reduces the efficiency of ventilation.

Nitroglycerin IV, 5 to 10 ug/min. Increase by 5 ug/min q 3 to 5 minutes. Reduces left ventricular preload. Caution: may cause hypotension.

Oxygen, 100% given to obtain an arterial PO2>60 mm Hg.

Position patient sitting up with legs dangling over the side of the bed. This facilitates respiration and reduces venous return.

Urology Causes of acute and reversible forms of urinary incontinenceSubmitted by Jed The following mnemonic aids in remembering the causes of acute and reversible forms of urinary incontinence – DRIP:

D:   Delirium
R:   Restricted mobility, retention
I:   Infection, inflammation, impaction (fecal)
P:   Polyuria, pharmaceuticals

Urology Causes of hematuriaSubmitted by Jed Use the mnemonic SITTT as an aid in evaluating the cause of hematuria:

S: Stone

 I: Infection

  T: Trauma

   T: Tumor

    T: Tuberculosis

Endocrine Symptoms of hyperthyroidismSubmitted by Jed Remember the following mnemonic when evaluating patients for hyperthyroidism:

S: Sweating

T: Tremor or Tachycardia

I: Intolerance to heat, Irregular menstruation, and Irritability

N: Nervousness

G: Goiter and Gastrointestinal (loose stools/diarrhea).

Cardiology 5 T’s of early cyanosis:
Sumbitted by Ben Humphreys
Tetralogy, Transposition, Truncus, Total anomalous, Tricuspid atresia
  Your Mnemonics go here! Please make this page YOUR page, by using the discussion group (the link is above)  

with dead body

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